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The Usage of Prepositions auf-an-zu in Dative Case. 50 useful examples sentences.

The Usage of Prepositions auf-an-zu in Dative Case

Prepositions play a crucial role in German grammar, and understanding their correct usage is essential for mastering the language. In this article, we will focus on three important prepositions in the dative case: “auf,” “an,” and “zu.” We will explore the different contexts in which these prepositions are used, providing 50 example sentences to illustrate their proper usage.

The Usage of Prepositions auf-an-zu in Dative Case. 50 useful examples sentences., How Learn German

Usage of “auf” in the Dative Case:

The preposition “auf” in the dative case is used to indicate location or position. Here are 15 examples to demonstrate its usage:

1. Der Schlüssel liegt auf dem Tisch. (The key is on the table.)

2. Das Buch steht auf dem Regal. (The book is on the shelf.)

3. Das Glas steht auf dem Fensterbrett. (The glass is on the windowsill.)

4. Die Kinder spielen auf dem Spielplatz. (The children are playing in the playground.)

5. Der Laptop liegt auf dem Sofa. (The laptop is on the sofa.)

6. Die Kaffeetasse steht auf dem Schreibtisch. (The coffee cup is on the desk.)

7. Die Blumen stehen auf dem Balkon. (The flowers are on the balcony.)

8. Die Vase steht auf dem Sideboard. (The vase is on the sideboard.)

9. Das Bild hängt auf der Wand. (The picture is hanging on the wall.)

10. Die Katze sitzt auf dem Stuhl. (The cat is sitting on the chair.)

11. Die Schuhe stehen auf dem Teppich. (The shoes are on the carpet.)

12. Das Buch liegt auf dem Bett. (The book is on the bed.)

13. Das Telefon liegt auf dem Schreibtisch. (The phone is on the desk.)

14. Die Jacke hängt auf dem Haken. (The jacket is hanging on the hook.)

15. Die Mütze liegt auf dem Regal. (The hat is on the shelf.)

Usage of “an” in the Dative Case:

The preposition “an” in the dative case is used to indicate contact, attachment, or direction. Here are 20 examples to demonstrate its usage:

1. Ich hänge das Bild an die Wand. (I am hanging the picture on the wall.)

2. Er befestigt das Schild an der Tür. (He is attaching the sign to the door.)

3. Das Handy liegt an meiner Seite. (The mobile phone is next to me.)

4. Der Hund sitzt an meinem Fuß. (The dog is sitting at my feet.)

5. Ich lehne mich an die Wand. (I am leaning against the wall.)

6. Die Uhr hängt an der Wand. (The clock is hanging on the wall.)

7. Das Bild hängt an der Kette. (The picture is hanging from the chain.)

8. Die Schlüssel stecken an der Tür. (The keys are stuck in the door.)

9. Das Fahrrad steht an der Mauer. (The bicycle is standing by the wall.)

10. Die Vögel fliegen an den Himmel. (The birds are flying to the sky.)

11. Das Buch lehnt an dem Regal. (The book is leaning against the shelf.)

12. Der Brief klebt an der Rückseite des Umschlags. (The letter is stuck to the back of the envelope.)

13. Die Dekoration hängt an der Decke. (The decoration is hanging from the ceiling.)

14. Das Bild ist an der Wand festgemacht. (The picture is securely attached to the wall.)

15. Die Kinder spielen an der Küste. (The children are playing on the coast.)

16. Das Foto klebt an der Kühlschranktür. (The photo is stuck to the refrigerator door.)

17. Das Plakat hängt an der Litfaßsäule. (The poster is hanging on the advertising column.)

18. Der Schlüssel steckt an dem Türschloss. (The key is stuck in the door lock.)

19. Die Pflanze rankt sich an dem Gitter hoch. (The plant is climbing up the trellis.)

20. Die Katze sitzt an dem Fenster. (The cat is sitting by the window.)

Usage of “zu” in the Dative Case:

The preposition “zu” in the dative case is used to indicate direction or purpose. Here are 15 examples to demonstrate its usage:

1. Ich gehe zu meiner Freundin. (I am going to my friend’s place.)

2. Gehst du zu der Party? (Are you going to the party?)

3. Sie geht zum Arzt. (She is going to the doctor.)

4. Er kommt zum Abendessen. (He is coming for dinner.)

5. Ich fahre zu meinen Eltern. (I am driving to my parents’ place.)

6. Sie geht zum Supermarkt. (She is going to the supermarket.)

7. Er geht zur Schule. (He is going to school.)

8. Die Lehrer gehen zum Elternabend. (The teachers are going to the parent-teacher meeting.)

9. Ich gehe zur Bank. (I am going to the bank.)

10. Sie kommt zum Friseur. (She is coming to the hairdresser.)

11. Er fährt zur Arbeit. (He is going to work.)

12. Wir gehen zum Restaurant. (We are going to the restaurant.)

13. Sie geht zum Sportverein. (She is going to the sports club.)

14. Er kommt zum Meeting. (He is coming for the meeting.)

15. Sie geht zum Konzert. (She is going to the concert.)


Understanding the correct usage of prepositions is vital for proper communication in German. In this article, we have explored the usage of the prepositions “auf,” “an,” and “zu” in the dative case. By providing 50 example sentences, we hope to have shed light on how these prepositions are used to indicate location, position, contact, attachment, direction, or purpose. It is recommended to practice these examples, along with further studying of prepositions, to enhance your overall understanding of German grammar.

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