The German prepositions

The German prepositions
The German prepositions

Prepositions are short words that often accompany names or pronouns. They indicate the relationship that exists between the words of a sentence.

The prepositions are distinguished according to the relationship they have with the other categories of words and can be: prepositions of place, time, cause and manner. Many prepositions may, however, belong to more than one group.

For prepositions of place:

  • the preposition is followed by the accusative case when connected to a “motion verb”:
    • gehen; wandern; klettern; fliegen; laufen; spazieren; rennen; fahren; kriechen; schwimmen
  • the preposition is followed by the dative case if it is connected to a “state verb”:
    • gefallen; helfen; schmecken; glauben; geben; gehören; danken; passieren; fehlen
inAKK. or, at
vonDAT.from, of
aufAKK. or DAT.on (on top of), at
anAKK. or DAT.on (on the side of), at, near, next to, at, with
nachDAT. to, toward, after
ausDAT.from, out of
umAKK.around, at (time)
überAKK. or DAT.over, above, about
vorAKK. or front of, before, ago
bisAKK.until, up to
unterAKK. or DAT.under
zwischenAKK. or DAT.between
seitDAT.since, for (time)
nebenAKK. or to, beside
wegenGEN.because of
hinterAKK. or DAT.behind
gegenüber (von)DAT.across (from)
AKK. = Accusative; DAT. = Dative; GEN. = Genitive

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