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Months, days, parts of the day, seasons

In this topic we will learn about the months of the year, the days of the week and the seasons. Let’s start with the months of the year (die Monate).

  • January: Januar
  • February: Februar
  • March: März
  • April: April
  • May: Mai
  • June: Juni
  • July: Juli
  • August: August
  • September: September
  • October: Oktober
  • November: November
  • December: Dezember

The months are all masculine and the preposition “in” + Dative is used:
Example: In August: im August
Note: im = in + dem (dem = der in Dative)

Now let’s take a look at the days of the week (die Wochentage):

  • Monday: Montag
  • Tuesday: Dienstag
  • Wednesday: Mittwoch
  • Thursday: Donnerstag
  • Friday: Freitag
  • Saturday: Samstag
  • Sunday: Sonntag

To say “every Monday or every …” you can write:

  • Montags: every Monday
  • Dienstags: every Tuesday
  • Mittwochs: every Wednesday
  • Donnerstags: every Thursday
  • Freitags: every Friday
  • Samstags: every Saturday
  • Sonntags: every Sunday

The days of the week are also masculine.

Now let’s move on to the seasons (die vier Jahreszeiten):

  • Spring: der Frühling
  • Summer: der Sommer
  • Autumn: der Herbst
  • Winter: der Winter

As you can see, also the seasons are of masculine gender and, as for the months, it is used the preposition “in” + Dative.
Example: in summer= im Sommer or in autumn= im Herbst

Below you will find some words and phrases that will surely come in handy:

  • day= der Tag
  • month= der Monat
  • year= das Jahr
  • the morning= Morgen (der)
  • in the morning= Vormittag (der)
  • lunchtime= Mittag (der)
  • afternoon= Nachmittag (der)
  • evening= Abend (der)
  • night= Night (die)
  • mittags= in the lunchtime
  • nachmittags= in the afternoon
  • abends= in the evening
  • nachts= at night
  • today= heute
  • tomorrow= morgen
  • the day after tomorrow= übermorgen
  • in two days= in zwei Tagen
  • yesterday= gestern
  • the otherieri= vorgestern
  • two days ago= vor zwei Tagen
  • now= jetzt
  • later= später
  • in the past= früher
  • soon= gleich
  • bald= soon, in the sense of short (example soon!: bis bald!)
  • früh= early (clockwise; example early tomorrow morning: morgen früh)
  • late=spät
  • this week= diese Woche
  • next week= nächste Woche
  • last week= letzte Woche
  • in two weeks time= in zwei Wochen
  • this month= dieser Monat
  • next month= nächester Monat
  • last month= letzter Monat
  • in two months = in zwei Monaten
  • this year= dieses Jahr
  • next year= nächstes Jahr
  • last year= letztes Jahr
  • in two years time= in zwei Jahren
  • two years ago= vor zwei Jahren

In this next video Eva, girls4teaching, explains how to use these words. In addition to the meaning of the words itself, she also provides some very useful grammar notes:

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